Dr. Becky Maes - Is It Bad For You? Approved by Dr. Becky Maes

Is Ashwagandha Bad For You?

Also Known As: Withania somnifera, Indian ginseng, Winter cherry



Short answer

Ashwagandha has potential benefits, such as reducing stress and improving cognitive function, but it also carries risks like interactions with medications and side effects. Quality control issues due to lack of regulation in the supplement industry add to the concerns. It's advised to use Ashwagandha under healthcare professional guidance and choose third-party tested products to mitigate risks.



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Long answer

When it comes to herbal supplements, Ashwagandha sits at the forefront of natural remedies purported to reduce stress and enhance overall well-being. However, is it truly a panacea or could it harbor hidden dangers that consumers should be wary of? Complex in its effects and widely used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine, Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) demands a deep dive to truly discern its safety and efficacy.

Understanding Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha is commonly referred to as Indian ginseng, and it has been used for thousands of years in Ayurvedic medicine to help with stress, fatigue, pain, and rheumatism. Its active constituents, withanolides, are said to confer the bulk of its adaptogenic properties – helping the body manage stress more effectively. But are these ancient beliefs supported by modern science?

Ashwagandha's Benefits: A Double-Edged Sword?

Scientific studies have indeed validated some of the health benefits of Ashwagandha. Research published in the Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine showed that Ashwagandha could reduce cortisol levels and perceived stress. Other studies have suggested improvements in cognitive function and even potential anti-cancer properties. But this is where the waters become murky, as the strength of these studies often varies, and high-quality, large-scale clinical trials are relatively scarce.

The Dangers of Ashwagandha: When the Cure Is Worse Than the Disease

It's vital to understand that natural does not always mean safe. Ashwagandha can interact with different medications such as blood thinners, thyroid drugs, and immunosuppressants. This could lead to potentially serious health consequences. What's more, in large doses, Ashwagandha has been known to cause stomach upset, diarrhea, and vomiting. It is also important to highlight that due to its sedative properties, combining it with other sedatives could amplify the effect, leading to drowsiness or even more severe sedation.

Pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid Ashwagandha as it may pose risks for the fetus or infant. Furthermore, those with autoimmune conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or Hashimoto's thyroiditis should approach Ashwagandha with caution, as it can activate the immune system, potentially flaring up such conditions.

Industrial Contamination: A Hidden Threat

Herbal supplements are fraught with another peril: industrial contamination. Ashwagandha is not immune to this issue. Supplements may be contaminated with heavy metals, like lead and arsenic, or other unwelcome compounds due to poor manufacturing practices. This could inadvertently lead to heavy metal poisoning – a very serious concern with long-term health ramifications.

Quality Control: The Crux of the Problem

One of the significant issues with supplements like Ashwagandha lies in the lack of rigorous oversight. The supplement industry is not regulated with the same iron fist as pharmaceutical drugs. Without FDA regulation or approval, consumers are left trusting manufacturers at their word. While many reputable companies voluntarily adhere to high standards, not all do, and the possibility of substandard or adulterated products slipping through the cracks is very real.

Stirring the Pot of Fear: Are You Really Safe?

Given the circumstances, it's entirely plausible that you could be ingesting something potentially harmful under the guise of health and wellness. Are you comfortable entrusting your well-being to loosely regulated products? It's essential to scrutinize any supplement, including Ashwagandha, with a critical eye. While it does have a place as a potentially beneficial herbal remedy, its unsupervised use raises the stakes in a gamble with your health.

The Verdict: Good or Bad?

To answer the burning question – is Ashwagandha bad for you? – is not straightforward. Ashwagandha appears to have its merits, but they come with caveats. Expert opinions suggest that it can be safe when used appropriately and with professional guidance. Yet, the risks of drug interactions, potential side effects, and quality control issues cast a long shadow over its benefits.

Cautiously optimistic might be the best stance. If considering Ashwagandha, doing so under the guidance of a healthcare professional, preferably one well-versed in herbal medicine, is crucial. Ensuring the quality of the supplement by choosing products from reputable, third-party tested sources can mitigate some of the risks. Ultimately, as we have uncovered, the journey to wellness should not be littered with unnecessary risks – the promise of stress relief should never come at the cost of your safety.

Frequently asked questions

It is not recommended to take Ashwagandha in combination with other sedatives or sleep aids without professional guidance. Due to its sedative properties, Ashwagandha could amplify the effects of sedative drugs, leading to excessive drowsiness or deeper sedation, which might not be safe, especially when operating machinery or driving.

Yes, Ashwagandha can interact with thyroid medications by potentially altering thyroid hormone levels. It can either increase or decrease thyroid hormone production, which can disrupt the balance achieved with prescribed thyroid drugs. Consulting with a healthcare provider before supplement ingestion is essential for those on thyroid medication.

To ensure the quality of Ashwagandha supplements, look for products that have been third-party tested and are from reputable manufacturers. This implies the product has been independently evaluated for quality, potency, and purity, including checks for contaminants like heavy metals. Certifications from organizations like USP (United States Pharmacopeia) or NSF International also indicate higher standards in supplement manufacturing.

People with autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or Hashimoto's thyroiditis should be cautious with Ashwagandha, as it can stimulate the immune system and possibly exacerbate symptoms. It's advisable to consult with a healthcare professional before using Ashwagandha if you have an autoimmune condition.

Ask a question about Ashwagandha and our team will publish the answer as soon as possible.

Possible short-term side effects

  • stomach upset
  • diarrhea
  • vomiting
  • drowsiness
  • severe sedation

Possible long-term side effects

  • heavy metal poisoning
  • immune system activation

Ingredients to be aware of

  • withanolides
  • heavy metals (lead, arsenic)


  • reduces cortisol levels
  • decreases perceived stress
  • improves cognitive function
  • potential anti-cancer properties

Our Wellness Pick (what is this?)

Ashwagandha Supplement

  • Reduces stress response
  • Vegan and Gluten-Free
  • Kosher certified
  • USDA Organic
  • Enhances mood and vitality
Learn More!

Thank you for your feedback!

Written by Joey Conners
Published on: 11-25-2023
Last updated: 12-15-2023

Thank you for your feedback!

Written by Joey Conners
Published on: 11-25-2023
Last updated: 12-15-2023

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