Dr. Andrea Middleton - Is It Bad For You? Approved by Dr. Andrea Middleton

Is Shilajit Bad For You?

Also Known As: Mumijo, Mumiyo



Short answer

Shilajit supplements are marred with authenticity and purity issues. True Shilajit may offer health benefits, but many products are counterfeit, mislabeled, or contain harmful contaminants like heavy metals. Consumers should buy from reputable brands, look for certifications, opt for purified products, and seek expert guidance.



Long answer

Authenticity and Purity Concerns in Shilajit Supplements

When we delve into the world of Shilajit supplements, the discussions about their health benefits are often overshadowed by legitimate concerns regarding their authenticity and purity. Given that Shilajit is a naturally occurring substance that oozes out of mountainous regions, primarily in the Himalayas, the process of collecting and purifying it is crucial for determining the quality of the final product.

First and foremost, the identification of genuine Shilajit poses a significant challenge. True Shilajit is a complex substance that contains a synergy of minerals, fulvic acid, and various other organic materials. However, the marketplace is fraught with counterfeit products or those that contain insufficient concentrations of the active constituents, rendering them ineffective or, worse, harmful.

An essential aspect of the authenticity concern is the widespread mislabeling of products. A study published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine highlighted that only a fraction of products labeled as Shilajit actually contained the expected components in significant amounts. Therefore, consumers may unwittingly purchase adulterated or fake versions that lack the claimed health benefits.

Purity is another pressing issue. While high-quality Shilajit is believed to be beneficial, impure forms can contain heavy metals and other contaminants, which pose serious health risks. Shilajit collected from polluted areas can absorb toxic metals like lead, arsenic, and mercury, which are detrimental to human health even at low doses.

The purification process—aimed at removing impurities and enhancing bioactive compounds—varies greatly among suppliers. Traditional purification methods, passed down through generations, involve filtering and diluting the raw material. However, improper purification techniques or shortcuts can result in a final product that still contains contaminants or fails to preserve the delicate molecular structure of Shilajit's active ingredients.

To navigate these concerns, here are some steps consumers can take:

  • Buy from reputable suppliers: Choose brands that have a strong reputation for quality and transparency. Research the supplier's history and customer reviews.
  • Look for certifications: Independent certifications (e.g., NSF, USP) can provide some assurance of product testing for contaminants and authentic Shilajit content.
  • Laboratory testing: Some suppliers provide certificates of analysis (CoA) that detail the levels of active ingredients and the absence of contaminants.
  • Opt for purified products: Ensure that the Shilajit supplement has undergone a thorough purification process to remove any impurities and enhance its beneficial components.
  • Seek expert advice: Healthcare providers or experts in traditional medicine can guide you to high-quality Shilajit products and advise on proper usage.

In summary, the concerns surrounding the authenticity and purity of Shilajit supplements are valid and ought to be taken seriously by anyone considering this natural substance for its health benefits. It's incumbent upon consumers to perform due diligence and seek out trustworthy products, while industry regulators and manufacturers must work to standardize quality control and ensure that what's on the label is indeed what's in the bottle.

Trace Minerals in Shilajit: Nutritional Benefits vs. Toxic Risks

Shilajit, a sticky substance found in the rocks of the Himalayas, has been heralded in Ayurvedic medicine for its rich content of trace minerals. However, the line between nutritional boon and toxic bane is thin, especially when it comes to elements that your body requires in microscopic amounts. Let us meticulously examine the trace minerals present in Shilajit and dissect their potential impacts on your health.

The nutritional benefits of trace minerals included in Shilajit are manifold. For example, zinc, a key player in immune function and cellular metabolism, is found in notable amounts. On the flip side, while the body zealously guards against zinc deficiency, excessive levels can lead to zinc toxicity, causing adverse effects such as gastrointestinal discomfort and even disruptions in copper metabolism.

Another trace mineral, selenium, is crucial for antioxidant defenses and thyroid hormone metabolism. Meanwhile, selenium's narrow therapeutic range means that while deficiency can have serious implications for heart health and cognitive function, selenium toxicity can result in selenosis, manifesting through symptoms including hair loss, nail changes, and neurasthenia.

Iron is yet another double-edged sword. While essential for oxygen transport and energy production due to its role in hemoglobin, excess iron can accumulate in organs and lead to conditions such as hemochromatosis, with potentially fatal consequences if left unaddressed. Iron's absorption and utilization must be carefully balanced to avoid such risks.

Listed below are some of the trace minerals in Shilajit, their benefits, and potential risks if consumed in excess:

Trace Mineral Nutritional Benefits Toxic Risks
Zinc Boosts immune system, aids in wound healing and DNA synthesis. Zinc toxicity can result in nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach cramps, diarrhea, and headaches.
Selenium Protects against oxidative stress, supports thyroid function, may reduce the risk of certain cancers. High selenium intake can lead to selenosis, causing brittle hair and nails, gastrointestinal issues, and nervous system abnormalities.
Iron Essential for oxygen transport, energy production, and DNA synthesis. Excessive iron can lead to iron overload disorders like hemochromatosis, liver disease, cardiac issues, and diabetes mellitus.
Manganese Involved in bone formation, blood clotting, and reducing inflammation. Overexposure to manganese may result in manganism, a condition resembling Parkinson's disease.
Copper Important for red blood cell formation, absorption of iron, and maintaining healthy bones and nerves. Excess copper can lead to copper toxicity, with symptoms including abdominal pain, diarrhea, and even potential liver and kidney damage.

As we plunder through the vaults of scientific evidence, it's vital to acknowledge the research on the bioavailability and actual absorption rates of these minerals when derived from Shilajit. Numerous studies suggest that the fulvic acid in Shilajit may enhance the bioavailability of these minerals, thereby potentially increasing their beneficial effects. However, this does not provide carte blanche to ingest Shilajit indiscriminately. The balance of mineral intake is crucial to mitigate the risk of toxicity.

Whether Shilajit poses a nutritional goldmine or a toxic minefield largely hinges on the quality of the substance and the dosage consumed. Contaminated Shilajit, often riddled with heavy metals like lead, arsenic, and mercury, can pose significant risks. It is thus imperative that consumers prioritize products that are rigorously tested and certified for purity by third-party labs.

Ultimately, while Shilajit could offer a spectrum of trace minerals that underpin various physiological functions, it is wise to approach this ancient remedy with a cautious optimism that respects the fragile balance required by our bodies' systems.

Potential Interactions of Shilajit With Medications and Conditions

When discussing the safety profile of any supplement, it is crucial to explore its potential interactions with medications and pre-existing health conditions. Shilajit, a natural substance found in the mountainous regions of the Himalayas, is no exception. This mineral-rich tar-like substance has been traditionally used for its purported health benefits, but modern science demands a rigorous scrutiny of its interactions.

Medication Interactions:

  • Diabetes Medications: Shilajit has been shown to have hypoglycemic effects, potentially lowering blood sugar levels. This interaction may amplify the effects of diabetes medications, resulting in hypoglycemia. Diabetics should consult with their healthcare provider before starting Shilajit.
  • Hypertension Drugs: Similarly, Shilajit might also lower blood pressure, which can be problematic for individuals taking antihypertensive medications, leading to a risk of blood pressure dropping too low.
  • Blood-Thinning Medications: There is a concern that Shilajit could interfere with blood clotting and may enhance the effects of anticoagulant drugs, increasing the risk of bleeding.
  • Immunosuppressants: As an adaptogen, Shilajit may modulate immune system responses, consequently affecting the efficacy of immunosuppressive medications.

Interactions with Health Conditions:

  • Iron Overload Disorders: Given its high mineral content, particularly iron, Shilajit might exacerbate conditions like hemochromatosis where iron accumulation is already problematic.
  • Heart Conditions: Due to the potential impact on blood pressure and heart rate, individuals with heart diseases must be cautious about introducing Shilajit into their regimen.
  • Gout: Shilajit contains purines, compounds that might increase uric acid levels in the body, potentially triggering gout attacks.
  • Hormone-Sensitive Conditions: Some evidence suggests that Shilajit may modulate hormone levels. For individuals with hormone-sensitive conditions such as breast cancer or prostate cancer, careful consideration is advised.

Each individual's reaction to Shilajit can vary, and the purity of the product also plays a pivotal role in its safety profile. Comprehensive investigations and discussions with healthcare professionals should be the cornerstone of any decision to use Shilajit, particularly for those with existing health conditions or those currently under medication.

To substantiate these concerns, direct scientific studies are somewhat limited, which necessitates a call for more rigorous research into the potential interactions of Shilajit. This lack of robust data underlines the importance of erring on the side of caution when considering the addition of Shilajit to one's supplement regimen. Reflecting on available anecdotal reports and small-scale studies can provide insights, but they are no replacement for large-scale, peer-reviewed research.

Long-Term Use of Shilajit: What We Know and Don't Know

When delving into the long-term use of shilajit, we find ourselves navigating a sea of tradition, anecdotal evidence, and emerging scientific research. This mineral pitch, which oozes out of the rocks in mountainous regions, has been hailed in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries for its supposed health benefits. Yet, the Western scientific community requires a rigorous standard of evidence, and it's here we must separate the wheat from the chaff.

On the one hand, shilajit is rich in fulvic acid and various minerals, which in theory, could provide health benefits when used consistently over time. However, as a responsible guide through the murky waters of supplement use, we must consider the evidence.

Research on the long-term effects of shilajit is somewhat scarce. Some studies—though limited in number—suggest that when used judiciously, shilajit can offer a host of benefits without severe adverse effects. A study in the Journal of Medicinal Food suggests that shilajit supplementation appears to be safe for long-term use as an adaptogen due to its antioxidant properties.

  • Anti-Aging Potential: A 2012 study in International Journal of Alzheimer's Disease indicated that the fulvic acid in shilajit could help reduce symptoms of aging, possibly due to mitigating the accumulation of tau protein.
  • Energy Metabolism: Ongoing use may promote mitochondrial function and thus energy levels, according to research published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology.
  • Male Fertility: A study involving a group of male volunteers demonstrated improved sperm production after taking shilajit for 90 days, suggesting potential benefits in fertility through prolonged consumption. This was published in Andrologia.

However, while the studies hint at potential positive outcomes, it’s paramount to adopt a skeptic’s lens. Long-term use implies a consistent intake over months or even years, and data on such prolonged exposure is limited. The absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. As we consider the myriad compounds interacting within shilajit, the possibilities for unknown interactions or cumulative effects emerge.

It's also crucial to acknowledge the lack of regulation and standardization in shilajit products, which can lead to varying compositions, purity, and potency. Contamination with heavy metals or other pollutants is a legitimate concern, especially with products sourced from different regions with varying environmental standards. An unfortunate truth is that many consumers are unaware of these potential risks, often swayed by branding and unsubstantiated claims.

Before recommending long-term shilajit use, one must weigh the currently limited evidence with a healthy dose of skepticism. Until more comprehensive studies are conducted, individuals should approach shilajit with caution, ideally under the guidance of a health professional who understands its complexities and potential pharmacological interactions.

For those considering incorporating shilajit into their long-term regimen, a meticulous approach to source verification and potential impurities should be non-negotiable.

Understanding the Source: Harvesting Practices and Contamination Risks

Shilajit is a sticky, tar-like substance often found in the high mountains of the Himalayas and several other ranges around the world. It has been traditionally used in Ayurvedic medicine and is believed to contain a potent blend of minerals and fulvic acid. However, not all shilajit is created equal, and its harvesting practices can significantly impact its purity and effectiveness.

The process of collecting shilajit is intricate and can influence the final product's quality. Ideally, shilajit should be harvested from high altitudes above 3000 meters, where the decomposition of plant matter leads to the natural formation of this mineral-rich substance. The traditional method involves collecting raw shilajit exudate that seeps out of cracks in mountain rocks during the summer months. This organic and geographic specificity is crucial for maintaining the integrity of the substance.

Unfortunately, the growing demand for shilajit has led to issues in harvesting practices, including overharvesting and collecting from lower-quality sources. This unscrupulous approach not only depletes resources but also results in a product that may be contaminated with heavy metals, free radicals, polymers, and other toxins. Studies have raised concerns about the levels of contamination found in some shilajit samples—attributed to both the environment and substandard collection methods.

For instance, a study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology emphasized the need for stringent quality control in processing shilajit to minimize health risks (Carrasco-Gallardo et al., 2012). Another critical concern is the potential for mycotoxin-producing fungi to contaminate shilajit if it is not properly processed. The presence of these toxins could pose significant health hazards, particularly with long-term use.

When considering shilajit supplements, potential users must be aware of the following factors regarding harvesting practices and contamination risks:

  • Source Location: High-altitude regions with minimal environmental pollutants are preferred. Remote areas are less likely to be affected by industrial pollution, which can be absorbed by shilajit.
  • Traditional vs. Commercial Harvesting: Traditional harvesting methods, while more time-consuming, often lead to a purer product. On the other hand, large-scale commercial operations may cut corners that compromise the supplement's quality.
  • Processing Techniques: Proper purification protocols are essential to remove impurities and minimize contamination risks. Cold filtration and other modern techniques can help ensure the safety of the shilajit.
  • Independent Testing: Laboratory analysis for heavy metals, microbial contamination, and other pollutants is crucial. Reputable companies will often provide Certificates of Analysis (COAs) for their products.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Purchase shilajit from companies that adhere to the FDA's Current Good Manufacturing Practices (CGMPs) to ensure a higher standard of production and accountability.

Ultimately, the safety of shilajit is significantly impacted by the practices involved in its collection and processing. As with any dietary supplement, due diligence is imperative. Consumers should look for transparent company practices, third-party testing, and clear sourcing information before making a purchasing decision to mitigate risks associated with contamination.

Alternatives to Shilajit: Weighing the Benefits and Drawbacks

Shilajit, a sticky substance found primarily in the rocks of the Himalayas, has been lauded for its potential health benefits, including enhancing physical performance and improving cognitive function. However, like any supplement, it may not be suitable for everyone, and some may seek alternatives that align better with their health goals or lifestyle preferences. Let's explore some substitutes and weigh their potential benefits and drawbacks.

Fulvic Acid Supplements:

  • Benefits: These supplements offer a key component of shilajit—fulvic acid—in a concentrated form, potentially supporting nutrient absorption and assisting in detoxification processes.
  • Drawbacks: They may lack the complex array of minerals and compounds found in natural shilajit, which contribute to its unique health-promoting properties.


  • Benefits: Known as an adaptogen, ashwagandha can help in managing stress and provides a boost to stamina and immune function, akin to some of shilajit's reputed effects.
  • Drawbacks: High doses can cause digestive issues, and it does not offer shilajit's mineral composition.

Mucuna Pruriens:

  • Benefits: Touted for its content of L-dopa, a precursor to the neurotransmitter dopamine, it may offer mood and neurological benefits and has been studied for its possible effects on Parkinson's disease.
  • Drawbacks: Overuse can lead to adverse effects such as headaches and palpitations, and Mucuna lacks the broad mineral spectrum of shilajit.

Rhodiola Rosea:

  • Benefits: Another adaptogen, Rhodiola Rosea is believed to fight fatigue and improve mental capacity. Evidence suggests it can improve symptoms of stress and depression.
  • Drawbacks: Its energizing effect may be too stimulating for some, potentially leading to insomnia or restlessness, and it does not contain shilajit's unique phyto-complex.

Trace Mineral Drops:

  • Benefits: Designed to replenish essential minerals that may be lacking in the diet, these drops can provide the minerals that shilajit would in a more controlled dosage.
  • Drawbacks: They do not have the organic compounds found in shilajit that may contribute to its overall health-promoting potential.

When considering alternatives to shilajit, it's crucial to evaluate both the advantages and the potential risks or side effects. Each of these alternatives brings different health benefits to the table, and like shilajit itself, they must be analyzed within the context of personal health needs and goals. As always, it is highly recommended to consult with a healthcare professional before introducing any new supplement into your routine.

It is also worthwhile to scrutinize the quality of the supplement source. Just as the purity of shilajit can vary significantly based on its origin and processing, the quality, potency, and safety of alternative supplements can be a concern. Users should seek out products that have been third-party tested and verified for authenticity and cleanliness to ensure they are not ingesting harmful contaminants or adulterants.

Regardless of the chosen alternative, remember that supplementation should be part of a comprehensive approach to health that includes a balanced diet, regular exercise, and stress management. Supplements are not a panacea but can be valuable tools when used appropriately and as part of a holistic health strategy.

Frequently asked questions

Consumers should be aware that Shilajit can interact with certain nutrients due to its high mineral content. For example, it may affect iron absorption and metabolism, potentially impacting individuals with iron deficiency or overload disorders. Additionally, because Shilajit contains purines, it can increase uric acid levels, posing a risk to individuals with gout or kidney stones. It's important to discuss with a healthcare professional to understand how Shilajit may interact with your existing diet and any nutrient considerations.

People with diabetes should exercise caution when considering Shilajit supplements, as Shilajit has hypoglycemic effects that can lower blood sugar levels and potentially amplify the effects of diabetes medications. It's important to consult a healthcare provider before starting Shilajit, to ensure it can be incorporated safely into the individual's diabetes management plan and to determine appropriate dosing to avoid the risk of hypoglycemia.

To ensure a Shilajit supplement is free from heavy metal contamination, look for products that have been independently tested and certified for purity. Check for Certificates of Analysis (CoA) which provide detailed information on the presence of heavy metals. The supplement should adhere to national and international safety standards, and third-party certifications like NSF or USP provide additional reassurance for product safety. Always purchase from reputable suppliers who are transparent about their testing and sourcing.

The long-term consumption of Shilajit may carry potential side effects, especially if the product is of low quality or contaminated with heavy metals. Possible side effects include an accumulation of heavy metals in the body, allergic reactions, gastrointestinal discomfort, and disruption of iron metabolism. High-quality and purified Shilajit is less likely to cause such side effects, but consultation with a healthcare provider is recommended for long-term use.

Ask a question about Shilajit and our team will publish the answer as soon as possible.

Possible short-term side effects

  • gi distress
  • hypoglycemia with diabetes medications
  • hypertension with blood pressure medications
  • increased bleeding risk with anticoagulants
  • immune response alteration with immunosuppressants

Possible long-term side effects

  • heavy metal toxicity
  • selenium toxicity
  • iron overload
  • nervous system abnormalities
  • kidney and liver damage

Ingredients to be aware of

  • heavy metals
  • free radicals
  • polymers
  • mycotoxins
  • purines


  • boosts immune system
  • aids in wound healing
  • supports thyroid function
  • antioxidant properties
  • may improve fertility
  • promotes mitochondrial function
  • may reduce aging symptoms

Healthier alternatives

  • fulvic acid supplements
  • ashwagandha
  • mucuna pruriens
  • rhodiola rosea
  • trace mineral drops

Thank you for your feedback!

Written by Joey Conners
Published on: 11-29-2023

Thank you for your feedback!

Written by Joey Conners
Published on: 11-29-2023

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