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Is Perrier Water Bad For You?

Also Known As: Sparkling mineral water



Short answer

Perrier Water is a calorie-free, sugar-free sparkling mineral water, that is not bad for you when enjoyed in moderation as part of a balanced diet. It contains naturally occurring minerals like calcium and magnesium, but the amounts are too small to rely on as a primary nutrient source. Carbonation may cause bloating for some, but does not pose significant health risks, and the mild acidity from its carbonation is unlikely to impact dental or bone health substantially. Comparatively, Perrier is a healthier option than sugary sodas and does not contain BPA when packaged in PET bottles.



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Long answer

Composition and Nutritional Information of Perrier Water

Understanding the composition and nutritional profile of Perrier Water is crucial for assessing its impact on health. As a sparkling mineral water, Perrier is extracted from a natural source, capturing unique minerals in the process. Below, the key components of Perrier Water are broken down to help analyze its nutritional value:

  • Minerals: One of the defining characteristics of Perrier Water is its mineral content. It contains calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, sulfate, and other trace minerals. These are naturally occurring and can contribute to daily mineral intake, though in relatively small amounts.
  • Carbonation: Perrier is naturally carbonated, which means that the bubbles in the water result from the geological processes at the source. This effervescence can make the drinking experience more enjoyable for some, though it may cause bloating or gastrointestinal discomfort in others.
  • pH Level: The pH level of Perrier Water is around 5.46, making it slightly acidic. This is primarily due to the carbonation process, which forms carbonic acid when carbon dioxide dissolves in water. However, this mild acidity is unlikely to affect the body's pH balance.
  • Zero Calories: Perrier Water is calorie-free, making it an excellent choice for hydration without contributing to daily caloric intake – an important consideration for weight management.
  • No Sugar or Sweeteners: Unlike many flavored or sweetened beverages, traditional Perrier Water does not contain sugar or artificial sweeteners, lowering the risk of dental caries and reducing the potential for blood sugar spikes.
  • Hydration: Being mostly water, it provides the hydration necessary for bodily functions, potentially aiding in cognitive performance, skin health, and overall well-being.

Here is a detailed breakdown of Perrier's mineral content per liter, to offer insight into its nutritional density:

Mineral Content per liter (mg)
Calcium 147.3
Magnesium 3.4
Sodium 9.5
Potassium 0.6
Bicarbonate 390
Sulfate 33
Chloride 22
Nitrate 7.8
Fluoride Trace amounts

This table illustrates that the mineral content does not reach high levels. These naturally occurring minerals can contribute to the recommended daily intake but should not be relied upon as the primary mineral source.

Perrier's distinctive mineral blend does not only affect its nutritional profile but also its taste. The presence of calcium and magnesium can contribute to its slightly bitter undertaste, which some consumers find appealing. With this in mind, including Perrier Water in one's diet offers a refreshing choice with minimal nutritional drawbacks. It's crucial to analyze individual dietary needs in conjunction with these facts, as overall dietary intake should be holistic and varied to ensure all nutritional requirements are met.

When it comes to making informed decisions about beverages, the composition and nutritional information provide a foundation for understanding their place within a balanced diet. This evidence-based breakdown shows that Perrier Water, while not nutrient-dense, is a calorie-free, sugar-free option that can serve as a satisfying alternative to sugary drinks.

Carbonation Process: Is Natural Sparkling Water Harmful?

Perrier Water is a brand of natural sparkling mineral water, which owes its effervescence to the carbonation process it undergoes. This process involves the dissolution of carbon dioxide (CO2) gas in water, which results in the creation of carbonic acid, giving the water its characteristic fizzy and tangy taste. The question of whether the carbonation in Perrier Water can be harmful to your health warrants a closer look at the evidence.

First, it's crucial to understand that the carbonation in natural sparkling water like Perrier is not intrinsically harmful. The CO2 gas used in the carbonation process is the same gas that is exhaled from the human body during respiration and is generally recognized as safe for consumption by regulatory agencies. When it comes to digestive health, some studies suggest that carbonated water may even improve swallowing ability and alleviate constipation. A study published in the European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology found that carbonated water improved both dyspepsia (indigestion) and constipation compared to tap water.

However, for some people, carbonation might lead to temporary discomforts such as bloating and gas due to the release of CO2 gas in the digestive tract. It's also essential to differentiate between naturally carbonated water, like Perrier, and artificially carbonated sodas, which can be harmful due to high sugar content and added chemicals.

Concerning oral health, the carbonic acid formed during carbonation has stirred debates on whether it could affect tooth enamel. While carbonic acid is a weak acid, its potential to cause dental erosion should not be neglected. According to the American Dental Association, sparkling waters have a slightly more acidic pH than still water, but far less so than sugary sodas or flavored fizzy drinks, posing a minimal risk to dental health. Nevertheless, moderation is key, and maintaining proper oral hygiene can help mitigate any risks.

Those with certain health conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), might find that carbonated water can exacerbate symptoms. An article in the International Foundation for Gastrointestinal Disorders, suggests that some individuals with IBS find that carbonated drinks can increase bloating and gas.

In summary, there is no substantial evidence to suggest that the carbonation process in natural sparkling waters like Perrier poses a significant health risk for most people. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Carbonated water is not inherently harmful and is often well-tolerated.
  • Some individuals may experience temporary bloating or gas.
  • Carbonated water has shown potential benefits for digestive health.
  • There is minimal risk to dental health when consumed in moderation.
  • People with certain gastrointestinal conditions should consult a healthcare provider to determine if carbonated water is appropriate for them.

As always, it is important to consume any form of carbonated water in moderation and as part of a balanced diet, considering individual health needs and preferences.

Acidic pH: Implications for Dental Health and Bone Integrity

When exploring the health implications of drinking Perrier Water, it's important to understand the concept of pH and how it influences various aspects of health, including dental health and bone integrity. The pH scale, which ranges from 0 to 14, measures how acidic or basic a substance is. Pure water has a neutral pH of 7, while Perrier Water, like many carbonated mineral waters, tends to have a slightly more acidic pH due to the presence of dissolved carbon dioxide, which forms carbonic acid.

Here we delve into the research on how an acidic pH in beverages may affect dental and bone health:

  • Dental Health:

    Consumption of acidic beverages is a known risk factor for dental erosion, which is the gradual loss of tooth enamel. Enamel is the hard, protective coating that ensures the structural integrity of teeth. A study published in the Journal of the American Dental Association suggests that the erosive potential of a beverage increases with its acidity (low pH) and duration of exposure to the teeth. Perrier's lower pH can contribute to this risk if consumed in excess and especially if teeth are brushed immediately after consumption, as enamel softened by acid is more susceptible to abrasion.

  • Enamel Remineralization:

    On a positive note, the minerals present in Perrier Water, such as calcium and magnesium, can play a role in the remineralization process of enamel. According to the International Journal of Dentistry, the presence of mineral ions in saliva is crucial for this process. The regular consumption of mineral-rich water may therefore support dental health, albeit this potential benefit does not completely offset the risk of acid erosion.

  • Bone Integrity:

    Concerns about the effects of acidic foods and beverages on bone health often arise in nutritional discussions. Theoretically, a diet high in acidic components could lead to a loss of calcium from bones, as the body tries to neutralize the acid. However, scientific investigations, such as those published in Osteoporosis International, have not consistently shown a link between dietary acid load and bone density loss. It's essential to consider overall dietary patterns rather than focusing on individual components like the pH of mineral water.

  • Optimal Consumption Habits:

    Reducing the potential harms of acidic beverages, like Perrier, involves several strategies. Drinking through a straw can minimize contact with teeth, and rinsing the mouth with water after consumption can help neutralize oral pH. Waiting at least 30 minutes to brush teeth after drinking acidic beverages allows for enamel to re-harden. Balance is also key; complementing the diet with alkaline foods such as fruits, vegetables, and legumes can help offset the impact of acidic foods and drinks.

In summary, while the slightly acidic nature of Perrier Water could raise concerns about dental erosion and potential impacts on bone health, the risk is likely minimal when consumed as part of a balanced diet and with proper oral hygiene measures in place. The mineral content of Perrier Water also introduces a beneficial factor for dental health, emphasizing the complex interplay between various dietary components and health outcomes.

Comparison with Sodas and Other Sparkling Beverages

When examining the health aspects of Perrier water, it's insightful to compare it with other carbonated beverages like sodas and sparkling water brands. This comparison sheds light on both its potential health implications and advantages.

1. Sugar Content:

One of the most significant distinctions between Perrier and sodas is the sugar content. While sodas often have high amounts of added sugars, contributing to increased calories and the risk of obesity, dental problems, and type 2 diabetes, Perrier water is sugar-free. Here's a simple breakdown :

  • Perrier water: 0 grams of sugar
  • Average soda: Around 39 grams of sugar per 12 oz can

2. Artificial Additives:

Sodas frequently contain artificial colors, flavors, and preservatives, which can provoke allergies and other health issues in sensitive individuals. In contrast, Perrier is free from artificial additives, offering a more natural beverage option.

3. Acidity Levels:

Both sodas and sparkling waters tend to be acidic due to their carbonation. However, sodas often contain phosphoric or citric acid to enhance their flavor and preservation, which can lead to enamel erosion and dental issues over time. Although Perrier also exhibits a certain level of acidity, its natural effervescence is less likely to cause dental problems when consumed in moderation. Here's an overview of typical pH levels:

  • Perrier water: pH of around 5.5
  • Regular soda: pH as low as 2.5

4. Calories:

Perrier is calorie-free, making it a waistline-friendly choice compared to sodas. Here is a caloric comparison:

  • Perrier water: 0 calories
  • Typical soda: Approximately 150 calories per 12 oz can

5. Hydration:

Carbonated waters like Perrier can be just as hydrating as non-carbonated water. On the other hand, the high sugar and caffeine content in many sodas can have diuretic effects, potentially leading to dehydration. Also, sodas lack the essential minerals found in many sparkling mineral waters.

6. Nutritional Value:

Perrier water contains minerals like calcium, magnesium, and bicarbonates, originating from the spring it's sourced from. These minerals can contribute to daily nutritional needs, whereas sodas offer little to no nutritional benefits and often replace healthier beverage options.

Experts acknowledge that sparkling mineral water like Perrier can be a healthful alternative to sodas and other sugary drinks. For example, a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition suggested that replacing sugar-sweetened beverages with mineral water can lead to considerable weight loss and health improvements over time.

It's important to drink Perrier and similar carbonated waters in moderation. Despite being a better option than sodas, the carbonation can still negatively impact some individuals, such as those with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or acid reflux. Always listen to your body's response and consult with a health professional if you have any concerns about including carbonated beverages in your diet.

BPA Concerns in Packaging and Storage of Perrier Water

When evaluating the potential risks associated with Perrier Water, a key consideration is the packaging material and its storage methods. Specifically, the concern revolves around Bisphenol A (BPA), a chemical traditionally used in the production of plastics and resins, which has been associated with various health issues.

Perrier Water is frequently packaged in glass and plastic bottles. While glass bottles pose no risk of BPA leaching, the scenario is different for plastic containers. The main concern with plastic bottles is the possible leaching of BPA into the water, especially when exposed to high temperatures or prolonged storage times.

BPA exposure is a significant health concern due to its status as an endocrine disruptor, which means it can mimic the body's own hormones and potentially lead to a range of health issues. According to the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, BPA exposure has been linked to health problems including reproductive disorders, heart disease, diabetes, and developmental problems in children (NIEHS).

However, it is essential to note that Perrier has stated their plastic bottles are made of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), which does not contain BPA. PET bottles are widely used in the beverage industry as they are lightweight, strong, and generally considered safe. Moreover, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has indicated that PET bottles do not pose health risks related to BPA leaching, under normal conditions of use and provided that they are safely recycled or disposed of (FDA).

Even so, consumer advocacy groups and some scientists have argued that PET bottles may leach other potentially hazardous chemicals besides BPA, especially after repeated use or exposure to high temperatures. A study from the University of Heidelberg suggested that antimony, a chemical used in the production of PET, could leach into the water over time, raising potential health concerns (ScienceDirect).

For those concerned about potential chemical leaching, including substances other than BPA, the following precautions can be taken:

  • Avoid exposing plastic bottles to high temperatures (e.g., leaving them in a car on a hot day).
  • Limits the use of single-use bottles to avoid the risk associated with wear and degradation over time.
  • Consider choosing glass bottled Perrier Water to eliminate concerns associated with PET or other plastics.
  • Recycle or dispose of plastic bottles appropriately after use to reduce environmental impact and potential chemical exposure.

Ultimately, while BPA is not present in PET bottles used by Perrier, it is still paramount for consumers to be informed about the types of plastics that come into contact with their food and beverages. Considering storage conditions and opting for glass packaging when available can help mitigate potential concerns surrounding BPA and other chemical exposures from plastic containers.

Frequently asked questions

Yes, Perrier water contains minerals like calcium, magnesium, and bicarbonate which contribute to your daily mineral intake, although it should not be relied upon as the primary source due to the relatively low mineral content.

There is no consistent scientific evidence to suggest that carbonation in sparkling mineral waters like Perrier leads to calcium loss from bones. Concerns about dietary acid load and bone density have not been substantiated in most research.

Drinking Perrier water daily is generally safe for most individuals, provided it is part of a balanced diet and consumed in moderation. However, people with certain gastrointestinal conditions like IBS may need to limit their intake.

To protect your dental health, consume Perrier water using a straw to minimize enamel contact, rinse your mouth with still water afterwards, and wait at least 30 minutes before brushing your teeth to allow your enamel to re-harden.

Ask a question about Perrier Water and our team will publish the answer as soon as possible.

Possible short-term side effects

  • bloating
  • gas
  • gastrointestinal discomfort

Possible long-term side effects

  • dental erosion
  • exacerbated ibs symptoms
  • possible chemical leaching from pet bottles

Ingredients to be aware of

  • carbonation
  • acidic ph
  • potential bpa from plastics


  • hydration
  • zero calories
  • no sugar or sweeteners
  • contains beneficial minerals

Healthier alternatives

  • glass bottled mineral water
  • non-carbonated water
  • alkaline foods

Our Wellness Pick (what is this?)

S.Pellegrino Mineral Water

  • Enhances dining experience
  • Naturally carbonated
  • Electrolyte-rich hydration
  • Convenient plastic bottles
  • Zero-calorie refreshment
Learn More!

Thank you for your feedback!

Written by Diane Saleem
Published on: 02-28-2024

Thank you for your feedback!

Written by Diane Saleem
Published on: 02-28-2024

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